It is located in the middle of the Lacandon jungle and was one of the most important cities in the late Classic period, between the years 600 and 800 A.D.
Numerous buildings still remain of the great city, although only the Great Plaza and the Acropolis are open to the public. The murals of Bonampak were discovered in 1946 and are considered as one of the greatest treasures of ancient Mexico.
Temple of the Murals
The frescoes can be found in three rooms and were painted around 790 A.D. A complex technique was used to apply pigments in a water medium with lime mixed with an organic binder.
The building’s dedication ceremony is described in room 1. Members of the hierarchy, who are preparing for the event, appear along the scene. In room 2 the fierce battle, and the following presentation and torture of prisoners, are narrated. In room 3 the celebration of the battle triumph is depicted.
The murals have been interpreted in different ways; however, the most widely accepted theory is that they tell only one story, which includes the battle, its aftermath, and the celebration of victory.